However, when Iran considerations come into play, China has reason to be nervous. Beijing wants to deepen diplomatic, economic and military relations with Tehran, which could make the agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates more difficult and riskier for the Chinese. The Trump administration`s decision to withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA) and exert “maximum pressure” on Iran in the form of extensive and severe sanctions has had a negative impact on Beijing. Sanctions have forced the Chinese to significantly reduce their purchase of Iranian oil; and their trade relations with Tehran have been subject to further scrutiny. Beijing is concerned that the agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates will have repercussions on the regional order, which could be at the expense of the Islamic Republic in a way that is bad for Sino-Iranian relations.  The Abraham Agreement was a joint declaration between Israel, the United Arab Emirates and the United States, which was adopted on August 13, 2020.  Subsequently, it was also used to refer collectively to the agreements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (the standardization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates) and Bahrain (the Bahrain-Israel Standardization Agreement).  Beijing is not under pressure to act quickly or courageously with regard to the Abraham Accords. As with countries around the world, China has not yet fully realized the impact of the agreements. There is no doubt that Beijing officials will closely monitor the way agreements are conducted at the regional level. Chinese leaders will do everything in their power to reduce any perceived risks to Beijing of formalizing Israel`s relations with Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, while striving to make full use of the opportunities that the agreement could offer. Yousef Al Otaiba, the UAE`s ambassador to the United States, issued a statement on 13 August in which he hailed the agreement as a “victory for diplomacy and for the region” and added how it “reduces tensions and creates new energy for positive change”.
  Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn, on the other hand, questioned the fact that the agreement would bring stability to the region and said that there would be no stability without a two-state solution and said that the United Arab Emirates had abandoned the Palestinians with the agreement.  The State Department then issued a statement on its part in which it stated that it was not critical of the peace agreement, but stressed that it was important for Arab states, especially the Gulf States, to support a Palestinian state in accordance with the two-state solution.  India welcomed the agreement and declared that the two nations were its allies and that it had always supported peace and prosperity in West Asia. Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar had previously said that UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan had called him to discuss the agreement.  Joe Biden, Trump`s opponent in the 2020 U.S. presidential election, praised the agreement, building on “the efforts of several governments to promote greater Arab-Israeli openness, including the Obama-Biden administration`s efforts to build on the Arab peace initiative.”  The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has warned the United Arab Emirates that it will have dangerous consequences for the agreement.